What are problems faced by developing countries? 

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pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Developing countries face all sorts of problems.  These problems can be split into two categories.  These are problems that the countries face because they are developing and problems that they face on the road to becoming developed.

Developing countries face many problems related to the fact that they are poor.  They tend to have low life expectancies because they cannot afford good medical care.  They tend to have poor education because they cannot pay many good teachers and/or because their people cannot afford to go to school.  They tend to have poor governance because they cannot afford a large and well-paid group of government officials.  All of these are problems that these countries face because they are developing.

Other problems that these countries face are factors that make it hard for them to develop.  There is some overlap between these two categories of factors.  For example, developing countries have bad education because they are poor, but their lack of a good educational system also makes it harder for them to develop.  They have a hard time creating a strong economy with a workforce that is undereducated.  The main problem that countries face in trying to develop, however, is competition from abroad.  Countries that are trying to develop today have to compete in a global market against countries that have a tremendous head start on them.  This tends to relegate developing countries to a situation in which they can only thrive in industries that require low-skill, low-paid workers.  It is hard to move from being a country that does other countries’ low-paid, labor intensive work to being a country with a truly modern economy.

These are some of the most important challenges faced by developing countries today.

mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Developing countries face many problems. One problem they face is being able to effectively run a government. Developing countries are often very poor. Therefore, there is not a lot of money available to effectively run the government.

This poverty causes other problems. Many people are not able to get a good education. There is not much money available to run good schools and get qualified educators. Also, many people need to work to help their family make ends meet. Thus, education levels tend to lag behind those in developed countries.

There often are issues with food supplies and diseases. A lack of food contributes to malnutrition. Many people often are hungry. Poor sanitation systems along with malnutrition contribute to problems dealing with diseases. As a result, many people do not live as long as people in developed countries.

There often are few environmental regulations in developing countries. This creates issues such as pollution and can lead to issues with the quality of the water that people drink. This also may contribute to a lower life expectancy in these countries.

Developing countries often do not have strong military forces. This makes them susceptible to invasions from other countries or to civil war within their country.

Another issue facing developing countries is the lack of quality housing. Oftentimes, people live in overcrowded conditions and/or in poorly constructed homes. This leads to problems with diseases, crime, and the safety of the structures in which the people live.

There are many problems that developing countries face.