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Considering the problems of conducting empirical research into language teaching, how might linguistics be of benefit in this specific application of empirical research? The two parts of this...

Considering the problems of conducting empirical research into language teaching, how might linguistics be of benefit in this specific application of empirical research?

The two parts of this (empirical research into langauge teaching and linguistics) are closely connected to each other and are a little confused together.

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When analyzed through an empirical method, language studies follow the qualitative research design. This design consists on the compilation of data that answers questions about a specific phenomenon. While the answers that researchers get are worthy of further investigation, they do not necessarily establish a correlation between two variables. This is done through quantitative research.

Through the application of a quantitative research design a strategy, or an intervention, is put to the test in a systematic way where all variables are considered and parameters have been clearly established. For this reason, empirical research can only provide information based on theoretical linguistics. What this means is that empirical studies are often founded on philosophical and theoretical tenets that apply to language studies.

When we apply a formula to language studies we actually move away from theoretical and onto applied linguistics. With 

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