What is the problem with Ralph and Piggy's plan in Chapter 8?  

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Jack and Ralph disagree on whether the boys can kill the beast. Jack thinks Ralph is underestimating the boys. Jack calls for a vote to replace Ralph as the leader, but no one votes for him, so he goes off to form his own group.

Ralph's group makes a second signal fire at the suggestion of Piggy; this one is on the beach, away from the beast, but also away from the wood needed to keep the signal fire going. This makes more work for Ralph's group who have to spend more time gathering firewood. Additionally, Jack's group steals logs from the fire to use for cooking, changing the original purpose of the fire, which was to signal to rescuers.

The separation of the group into two is problematic because there are fewer people to help carry out the tasks needed. Ralph's group eventually gives up on maintaining the signal fire at night because there are no longer enough people to keep up with the fire.

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In Chapter 8, Jack leaves Ralph's group to start his own tribe on the other end of the island. When he leaves, Piggy suggests that they build a signal fire between the bathing pool and the platform. There are a few problems with this plan. The first being that they fire they eventually build it too large to maintain. Since the fire is not on top of the mountain surrounded by dry wood, they need to travel distances to gather enough wood to maintain such a large fire. The second problem is that there are not enough boys to maintain the fire. The majority of the boys snuck off to join Jack's tribe while they were gathering driftwood. The third problem with their plan deals with the location of the fire. Later on in the novel, Jack and several hunters easily steal burning logs from Ralph's fire because it is not protected and is an easy target.

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