How did the teaching methods of Plato and Aristotle differ?

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Plato, one of Socrates's students, taught by writing dialogues in which teachers asked questions. In this so-called dialectic method, a teacher asks questions that help students define terms. By answering the questions, students grapple with the issues in the debate, and then they are cross-examined to come to a deeper understanding of the positions involved in the argument. This type of approach followed from Plato's belief that humans can not grasp truth directly but only see shades of the truth.

Plato also believed that children learned from play and from engaging their enthusiasm, and he also believed that adults benefited from play and from playful engagement with philosophy. The ancient Greeks took play, which they defined as the opposite of work (physical labor) seriously, and Plato was no exception. He wrote: 

"No society has ever really noticed how important play is for social stability. My proposal is that one should regulate children’s play. Let them always play the same...

(The entire section contains 2 answers and 532 words.)

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