What are the primary risk factors for hipertension?

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jubileejourney's profile pic

jubileejourney | (Level 1) eNoter

Posted on

There are many risk factors for hypertension, or high blood pressure, these are the primary risk factors:

Genetics – you are more likely to have high blood pressure if your parents have it.

Obesity – higher weight produces more blood, which increases pressure on the arteries.

Inactivity – in addition to increasing the likelihood of obesity, it cause the heart to work harder.

Stress – raises blood pressure temporarily which weakens the artery walls.

Age and sex – blood pressure begins to rise in men at middle age and women after menopause.

Smoking – raises blood pressure temporarily but the prolonged effects is damaging to the arteries.

Excessive salt – salt makes the body retain water which increases blood pressure.

kstallworth's profile pic

kstallworth | (Level 1) eNoter

Posted on

Diabetes and resultant kidney failure is a huge risk factor for hypertension.

The blood pressure is regulated by the kidneys as they secrete the components renin and angotension. Factors effecting this mechanism are often a result of a compromise of kidney fuction.  Kidney failure and resulting hypertension is often a secondary effect of a primary disease such as diabetes or polycysitic nephritis.

The tendancy for diabetes and kidney disease is often an inherited trait effecting some races--African-American and Asians--disproportionately.

 

 

 

giorgiana1976's profile pic

giorgiana1976 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted on

There are several primary risk factors for hypertension:

  • stress is one major factor that leads to the increasing of the heart rate and the constriction of blood vessels, causing increasing of the blood pressure;
  • obesity is other factor that cannot be ignored because it causes disorders of the blood flow, leading to hypertension;
  • smoking is that habbit that leads to the accumulation of plaques within coronary arteries;
  • genetic factor is also a primary risk factor.

 

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