There are many risk factors for hypertension, or high blood pressure, these are the primary risk factors:
Genetics – you are more likely to have high blood pressure if your parents have it.
Obesity – higher weight produces more blood, which increases pressure on the arteries.
Inactivity – in addition to increasing the likelihood of obesity, it cause the heart to work harder.
Stress – raises blood pressure temporarily which weakens the artery walls.
Age and sex – blood pressure begins to rise in men at middle age and women after menopause.
Smoking – raises blood pressure temporarily but the prolonged effects is damaging to the arteries.
Excessive salt – salt makes the body retain water which increases blood pressure.
Diabetes and resultant kidney failure is a huge risk factor for hypertension.
The blood pressure is regulated by the kidneys as they secrete the components renin and angotension. Factors effecting this mechanism are often a result of a compromise of kidney fuction. Kidney failure and resulting hypertension is often a secondary effect of a primary disease such as diabetes or polycysitic nephritis.
The tendancy for diabetes and kidney disease is often an inherited trait effecting some races--African-American and Asians--disproportionately.
There are several primary risk factors for hypertension:
- stress is one major factor that leads to the increasing of the heart rate and the constriction of blood vessels, causing increasing of the blood pressure;
- obesity is other factor that cannot be ignored because it causes disorders of the blood flow, leading to hypertension;
- smoking is that habbit that leads to the accumulation of plaques within coronary arteries;
- genetic factor is also a primary risk factor.