James K. Polk's Presidency

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What U.S. President sent troops to Mexico?  

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Two U.S. Presidents have sent significant bodies of American troops to Mexico. The first was James K. Polk, who was President during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848.) American troops invaded both Mexico's territories in the modern United States, which included California and New Mexico, and the Mexican homeland itself. In fact,...

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Two U.S. Presidents have sent significant bodies of American troops to Mexico. The first was James K. Polk, who was President during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848.) American troops invaded both Mexico's territories in the modern United States, which included California and New Mexico, and the Mexican homeland itself. In fact, the war ended when troops under General Winfeld Scott, having captured the port city of Veracruz and executed a remarkable march all the way to Mexico City, laid a successful siege on the defenses of that city. Mexico gave up its territories north of the Rio Grande in the Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo.

The second American President to launch an invasion of Mexico was Woodrow Wilson in 1914 and 1917. Revolution broke out in Mexico in 1914, leading to a complex and bloody civil war. Wilson responded by temporarily occupying Veracruz. More significantly, when Pancho Villa, a Mexican partisan leader opposing the Carranza government backed by Wilson, staged a raid across the American border that killed several American citizens, Wilson responded by sending troops under General John Pershing to hunt Pancho Villa down. The decision led to a diplomatic nightmare, and Wilson withdrew the troops without ever having captured Pancho Villa. 

 

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