In Book 6 of the Iliad, in one of the few scenes centered on personal relations between husband and wife, Hector, who is usually stationed on the plains outside Troy, makes it back into Troy's citadel to meet his wife, Andromache, and their son, Skamandrios (also, Astyanax). Although this is not the last time they will meet (they will meet in Book 7), their meeting has the feeling of a last meeting.
After Andromache reminds Hector that his role as Troy's chief defender will result in his death, which will leave his wife and son to the mercy of the victorious Achaeans, Hector turns to Skamandrios, who reacts to his father—because Hector is still dressed in his armor and plumed helmet—with horror. Skamandrios's reaction is important in two respects: first, the infant's fear is completely realistic in that Skamandrios cannot be expected to recognize a fully-armored warrior; second, the scene reminds the listeners and readers that the war is an ever-present reality for Hector and Andromache.
At this point, Hector takes off his armor and helmet, takes Skamandrios in his arms, and, as any father would, kisses his child and "rocks him in his arms" before praying to Zeus that Skamandrios will succeed Hector as the Trojans' greatest warrior:
. . . grant that this my child/may also become, like me, renowned among the Trojans,/my equal in strength, and rule with might over Ilion; so/one day may someone claim: "He's far better than his father." (6:476-479)
One can reasonably argue that, at this point in the war of attrition, the Trojans, especially a warrior like Hector who has seen his men die every day, should have concluded that the Achaeans would eventually be victorious. However, it is equally...
reasonable to assume that the Trojans believed they could win this fight, which has already consumed ten years and has no signs of concluding with either a Trojan or Achaean victory. Hector's prayer for Skamandrios, then, is what we would expect a Bronze Age warrior king to make for his son: exceeding his father in reputation as a warrior and continuing to lead Troy. It would simply not have occurred to Hector to pray for anything less for his son.