What are the positive and negative effects of Australia's geography?

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Australia is a country (and continent) largely driven by its geographical limitations and advantages. Some of the world's most prominent geographical features exist in Australia. In addition, the island country is geographically very diverse - rain forests, coastal areas, urban sprawls, and the outback region all have very different geographies. 

One of Australia's driving geographical features is the Great Artesian Basin, which is the major source of freshwater. Of course, the existence of the basin is a huge benefit to Australia and the water in the basin is critical for the country's population; however, the importance of this single geographical feature means that the...

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