What is a political party?
A political party in the United States can be defined as a group of people with similar political interests. Political parties want to set and direct public policy. To do this they must get members of their party elected to public office. A political party channels action, usually beginning at the 'grassroots' level (localized level) to increase their power base. Usually in the U.S. we think of the two major parties, Democrats and Republicans, however there are many political parties in the U.S. Political parties serve several functions, for example they select candidates for office, educate the public and promote their interests, reduce internal position conflicts within the party through compromise, and provide the financial support needed to win an election.
A political party is a group of people with varying views on how a country should govern its people. The reason we have political parties in the United States is because right after George Washington began his presidency there started to be factions in the government. It was a way for politicians to gain support for the elections to come after George Washington, and be able to gain public support on legislation. George Washington was highly against political parties, but after his term is when they really started to grow and become the political parties we have today.