According to most sources, the American version of the Socialist Party was founded in the early 1900’s when the Social Democratic Party, led by Eugene Debs and Victor Berger, merged with the Socialist Labor Party, led by Morris Hillquit.
Much of the party’s early support came from union officials and members, who were trying to make inroads in working conditions and pay for America’s blue collar workers. The merged party was less radical than the original Socialist Labor Party and favored taking a more gradual, “evolutionary” approach to social change. When the Russian Revolution succeeded, some party hardliners withdrew and formed the Communist Party.
Debs ran for president in 1912 and won 6% of the vote, but that was as well as the party could do in national elections. Several representatives were elected to the House, however.
When FDR’s New Deal instituted new social programs intended to help the working class the socialists lost some of their appeal and eventually withdrew from many election contests.
The Socialist Party still exists in America. The following statement appears at the top of their webpage:
THE SOCIALIST PARTY strives to establish a radical democracy that places people's lives under their own control - a non-racist, classless, feminist socialist society... where working people own and control the means of production and distribution through democratically-controlled public agencies, cooperatives, or other collective groups.; where full employment is realized for everyone who wants to work; where workers have the right to form unions freely, and to strike and engage in other forms of job actions; and where the production of society is used for the benefit of all humanity, not for the private profit of a few. We believe socialism and democracy are one and indivisible... From Socialist Party USA Statement of Principles "Socialism As Radical Democracy"
In the United States, Christian socialists and labor activists united to form the Socialist Party in 1901. Socialists in labor were led by Eugene V. Debs and Victor L. Berger. Debs ran for president of the United States as the Socialist Party candidate in 1904, 1908, 1912, and 1920. Each time, he received less than 6 percent of the popular vote. Berger and several other socialists served in Congress.
The socialist part grew during the progressive era into a force of considerable strength
In 1912its durable leader Eugene V.Debs ,received nearly one million ballots.
Eugene V.Debs the humane leader was sentenced for ten years in prison in 1918 as he was against the Great War
- Progressive era is a period of social activism and political reform that took place in 1890-1920
- The socialist part was under Milwaukee,
- The part threatened to win control of Los Angeles in 1911, California Progressives made common cause with reactionaly groups in order to defeat them.
The Socialist Party has two founders, Victor L. Berger and Eugene V. Debs. This party formed in 1901.
The Socialist Party was the result of two other parties merging together. The Social Democratic Party of America and aspects of the Socialist Labor Party.