What political, economic, social and material conditions allowed Great Britain to be the first in the world to industrialize?
There were various political, economic, social, and material conditions that allowed Great Britain to be the first in the world to industrialize. If these conditions weren’t present, Great Britain would not have been able to accomplish this.
Politically, there was support for what would be needed to industrialize. The British monarchs wanted to have an empire. One of the benefits of having an empire was Britain could cheaply obtain raw materials that were needed to manufacture products. Without these raw materials, it would have been difficult to make the products. Thus, for this and other reasons, the government of Britain supported exploration and colonization of different lands.
Economically and materially, it was very profitable for Britain to make products. The British were already benefiting from a robust trade. By obtaining colonies, not only could the British industries get raw materials cheaply, they had guaranteed places where they could sell their products. Since there were many rivers and streams in Great Britain, the factories had a natural source of power. Given all these factors, it was very profitable for Britain to make products.
Socially, the industrial revolution was accepted in England. People understood the benefits this could provide for their country. People were willing to work in the factories to make the products. They understood this system would be good for Great Britain.