I need extended information on this topic for a research paper that's due in 2 days. The internet does not provide enough so please if anyone could help me I'd greatly appreciate it!
We made major progress in desegregation of public schools and facilities, although we often had to use law enforcement or military troops to make it happen. Politics changed from support of the Democrats to that of Republicans, from support of the Vietnam War to the majority of Americans being against it. The loss of Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968 was a major blow to our nation's progress in civil rights, as was the loss of Robert F. Kennedy, JFK's brother, who many thought would follow the footsteps to the Presidency. Women also began to be taken more seriously as a voting bloc in the US during that decade.
One way you might approach this question is by looking at one particular year in the decade. My suggestion is 1968. This was the year that brought the simmering decade to a boil. Although sweeping Civil Rights legislation was passed in '64-65, the non-violent Civil Rights movement turned violent by '68. Americans were stunned as they watched President Johnson on television announce his refusal to accept the democratic nomination for re-election. This action was interpreted by most Americans as 'throwing in the towel', and giving up. This caused tremendous political anxiety in the country. At the 1968 Democratic Convention in Chicago Americans were exposed to the fractures that existed in the nation via their television sets. There was rioting in the streets of Chicago, and to most Americans Chicago looked as if it were at war. As a result, politics left a bad taste in the mouth of Americans after that. 1968 is also remembered as the year that saw the assassinations of two Americans that held potential promise for a country that was in dire straits. These experiences reflected a sense of political instability that our nation had never experienced before. It could also be argued that the political changes that occurred in the 1960's forever changed the landscape of politics in The United States.
The civil rights movement is an area you could spend a lot of time on. It came to a head during the 1960's (after much work in the 1950's) and the effects are still being felt today. One could reasonably argue that if there is one defining political change of the 1960's, it is the civil rights movement.
Divide the question up into topics--huge changes occured in various areas, and if you search each, you should be fine.
Political activity of young Americans, with the voting age lowered to 18.
Women's liberation movement
Reaction to international incidents/Cold War
Great Society of LBJ/Welfare State
Probably the most important political change that occured in the 1960s was antiwar sentiment. With so many people against the war in Vietnam, rallies even in the nations capital were very prevalent. This antiwar sentiment led to a new breed of political activism, political rallies.
As well as antiwar sentiment, the 1960s brought about a change in Civil Rights more than anything. With influential African American leaders such as Martin Luther King and Malcolm X arguing for civil rights for African Americans, this minority group became more equal citizens in the eyes of the government.
The most lasting political effect was the reduction in voting age from 18 to 21. This allowed soldiers being drafted in Vietnam to have a say in the the way government was run.
Wow! where to start. Surely Vietnam brought the demise of the draft and that was major but Lyndon Johnson's Civil Rights Act of 1964(?) brought sweeping changes to American politics in equal pay; hiring; minority rights. But the war powered the sixties. Look at anything on Johnson and his presidency after JFK was killed.