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What policies and approaches did the Abbasids use to stabilize and legitimize their takeover of Islamic empire and rule? What were two accomplishments of their civilization and why are they important?

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Christine Jarus eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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When the Abbasids took over the Muslim area, they moved their focus to the west, especially Persia. Since many of their supporters were Persian, they took over many Persian traditions. The center of political power moved to Baghdad, a city still influential today. The Abbasid dynasty achieved several accomplishments. First, the movement encouraged the spread of the Islamic faith and created an international community of followers. Secondly, the Abbasids reign ignited the Golden Age of Islam. During this time frame, there were great advancements made in studies such as mathematics and medicine. It was also a very productive time for the arts through developments such as calligraphy. The rule of the Abbasids began to weaken during the tenth century. By 1258, the Mongols ended the Abbasid Empire and took over Baghdad.

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Alec Cranford eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The most important strategy was their very tolerant policy toward non-Arab Muslims, as well as Christians and Jews. In particular, Abbasid rulers invited scholars of multiple faiths to come to their court and receive patronage, a practice which enabled them to, in the words of one historian, "export cultural, architectural, and intellectual models" throughout the empire. The Abbasids also encouraged the strenghtening of trade ties between all parts of the Empire, giving their subjects a stronger economic incentive to support their rule. Additionally, and perhaps most importantly, they were able to establish a sort of administrative rulership, one which was not based on military force, but on institutions, bureaucracy, and authority derived from the center of the empire. But it is just as important to remember that their rhetoric, which emphasized the equality of all Muslims, made them an attractive option to the Umayyad dynasty that preceded them. 

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