Hispanic poverty rates in the United States have been declining over the past few years, and although Hispanics have lower poverty rates than African-Americans, their poverty rates remain higher than those of Asian or white Americans. These poverty rates are connected with issues of educational attainment, as increased education means less poverty.
The first types of policies that negatively impact Hispanic families are strict immigration laws and denying illegal immigrants access to social services. This not only traps immigrants in low-paying informal jobs but also gives them no recourse to lawful remedies when mistreated. This is especially true of people who immigrated to the United States many decades ago and are in all but official citizenship American, but lack access to education, social security, and other benefits of citizenship.
Another problem is access to bilingual education. If students speak primarily Spanish in the home, and classes are available only in English, they will lag behind other students in areas such as math and science due to lack of language skills. A related educational issue is access to in-state tuition for higher education.