What point was Golding trying to make when he posed the question, "You knew didn't you? I am part of you?" through the Lord of the Flies' mouth?

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During the scene where Simon hallucinates and speaks directly to the Lord of the Flies, Golding addresses the inherent evil found within each individual. The Lord of the Flies poses the question, "You knew didn't you? I am part of you?" (Golding 143) Simon was aware that the beast was something internal, but was unable to articulate his thoughts to the rest of the group. The beast is "man's essential illness." Golding is attempting to describe the inherent wickedness that all humans possess. This inherent evil correlates with the Judeo-Christian belief of original sin. Humans are born evil, and society is forced to create laws and boundaries to contain man's primitive insticts. When individuals are left to their own devices, void of societal restrictions and consequences, their "essential illness" flourishes. The Lord of the Flies is symbolic of Beelzebub, and Satan makes an interesting comment to Simon, "Do you think you know better than I do?" (Golding 143) Simon is portrayed as the Christ-like figure throughout the novel who possesses prophetic powers that give him the ability to understand the beast's identity. Simon is helpless in this situation because the inherent human wickedness will eventually make itself known amongst the boys, resulting in the destruction of morality and civility.

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