In literature and cinema, point of view refers to the perspective from which we see and hear the action in a text. Generally, points of view are the first person, where an “I” narrates the story; the second person where the narrative is addressed to a “you”; and the third person where the narrator is a he, she, or a name. Third-person narratives can be omniscient, where an unnamed, all-knowing narrator tells us the story. On the other hand, a third-person limited narrative translates the story through one character's observational lens.
As you can infer from these definitions, the point of view in Shirley Jackson’s short story “Charles” (1948) is first person. The story is told from the point of view of Laurie’s mother and in her "I" voice, so everything we are told is colored by her perceptions. In the passage below, I have highlighted the first-person words to illustrate the perspective.
The day my son Laurie started kindergarten he renounced corduroy overalls with bibs...
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