What point of view is "Sonny's Blues" told from?

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“Sonny’s Blues” is told in the first person, from the perspective of Sonny’s brother, a school teacher in Harlem. The story describes the narrator’s coming to terms with his brother’s drug addiction, as well as with his brother's intense musical ambitions.

Twice in the story there are extended monologues from other characters. The first is when the narrator’s mother speaks in a flashback, recounting a tragic story from her late husband’s earlier life. The second is when Sonny, who, we are told, is usually very quiet and private, opens up to the narrator about his drug addiction, his passion for music, and the meaning of suffering. Of course, both of these monologues are filtered through the narrator’s perception of them, but they do offer another perspective, and ultimately, it is Sonny’s extended monologue that breaks through the narrator’s walls and causes him to also think about suffering, the possibility of redemption, and how to find and appreciate those rare moments of transcendence.

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The narrator in "Sonny's Blues" is Sonny's brother, and we are told this story from his point of view, in the first person point of view.  We know that something is in the first person point of view when the narrator is using "I" to tell the story, and in fact, "I" is the very first word in the story.  What this means is that we are getting the story from the brother's perspective, not from Sonny's perspective. That might make for a very different kind of story.  But the brother is not completely lacking in objectivity because as the story goes on, we see that he has regrets about how he has regarded and treated Sonny over the years, being a judgmental and neglectful brother to him. We see his growth as a person, really, such that by the time the story ends, he has developed some empathy and a great deal more love and appreciation for his brother.

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