The point of view of this story is first-person objective. The first-person part means that the narrator is a participant in the events that have taken place in the plot and that he uses the first personal pronoun "I." The objective part means that the narrator is telling the story after the events have already taken place, and so most verbs that he uses will be in the past tense (as opposed to a subjective narrator, who tells events as they take place using verbs in the present tense). The unnamed narrator of this story does, in fact, use the first-person pronoun, "I," as we see several times in the first paragraph alone, and he narrates events in which he has participated, looking back on them.
The point of view of Edgar Allan Poe's short story "The Black Cat" is a central, first person narrator. It is also omniscient (knows everything) and subjective (speaks from his own criteria, experience, or context).
The salient traits of a 1st Person POV are the following:
- The narrator has first hand information of the problem of the story
- He or she is a character within the tale and refers to self in first person (I, me).
- May or may not be entirely trusted, as he or she is telling a story from a personal and subjective context.