At what point is the tangent to the curve x+y^2= 1 parallel to the line x + 2y = 0?
At what point is the tangent to the curve `x+y^2=1` parallel to the line `x+2y=0` ?
(1) To find the slope of the tangent line to the curve we find its first derivative. We can use implicit differentiation.
`y'=-1/(2y)` . Thus if we know a point on the graph, the slope of the tangent line is given by `-1/2` of the reciprocal of the y-coordinate.
(2) The slope of the line `x+2y=0` is `-1/2` .
(3) If the slope of the tangent line is parallel to the slope of the given line, then they have the same slopes.
Thus `-1/(2y)=-1/2` , so y=1. Substituting for y in the equation of the curve gives x=0.
So the tangent line to the given curve at (0,1) is parallel to the given line.
(** We could have written the curve as two functions; `y=+-sqrt(1-x)` and differentiated each function. Using implicit differentiation avoids a number of potential pitfalls from this method **)
The curve is a parabola with vertex at (1,0) opening to the left. A quick visual check affirms the reasonableness of the answer.