What is the point of conditioning Huxley's Brave New World?

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In this novel, humankind must make decisions after surviving a disastrous "Nine Years' War" that caused great suffering and was followed by an economic collapse (not unlike World War I and the Great Depression.) The society that emerges from the wreckage wants peace, quiet, and stability at all costs. As the Controller says to the Savage:

What's the point of truth or beauty or knowledge when the anthrax bombs are popping all around you?

Conditioning, along with liberal use of a drug called soma, becomes the primary way this new society achieves peace, security and superficial happiness. People are genetically designed in a test tube to fit the characteristics of a certain caste and then conditioned from birth to be...

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