What is the point B which lies on the line AC and is 5 units away from A (3, 7) and 2 units away from C (1, 2)?
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We need to find the point B which lies on AC and which is 5 units away from (3, 7) and 2 units away from (1, 2).
We use the relation that the coordinates of a point on a line between A(x1, y1) and B(x2, y2) and the distance of which from A and B is in the ratio m:n resp. is given by (n*x1 + m*x2)/(m+n) , (n*y1 + m*y2)/(m+n)
The ratio of the distance of the point B from A and C is 5:2. 5+2 is equal to 7.
The coordinates of this point B are given by [(5*1 + 2*3)/7, (5*2 + 2*7)/7]
=> [11 / 7, 24/7].
The required point is (11/7, 24/7)
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Let (x,y) be the point B.
The Distance AC = sqrt {(xA-xB)^2+(yA-yB)^2)^2} = sqrt{(3-1)^2+(7-2)^2} = sqrt{2^2+5^2} = sqrt{4+25} = sqrt29.
By data B is on AC. AB = 5 , AB = 5 and BC = 2 units.
Therefore by data AB+BC = 5+2 = 7.
Btt the distance from A(3,7) to C(1,2) = sqrt29.
This implies AC = 7 and AC = sqrt29. So 7 = sqrt 29 which is not possible. Therefore the given data is inconsistent . Therefore there can not be a point B such that B is on AC abd AB = 5 and BC = 2.
At maximum we can divide the line AC in the ratio 5 : 2 at a point B. The coordinates of any point B that divides the line joining AC in the ratio 5 : 2 is given by :
(xB, yB) = {2*xA+5*bX)/(2+5), (5*yA+2*yB)/(5+2)}
(xB,yB) = {(2*3+5*1/(5+2)) , (2*7+5*2)/(2+5))}
(xB , yB) = {(11/7 , 24/7).
Therefore the line AC is divide by the point B ( 11/7 , 24/7) in the ratio 5:2.
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