Poetic Devices used in Sonnet 97:
Format: The Shakespearean sonnet has fourteen lines and a rhyme scheme of ABABCDCDEFEFGG. The sonnet is composed in iambic pentameter, which means that each line has five iambs (an unstressed and stressed syllable, like duh-DUM),
- In the first line "How like a winter hath my absence been," the speaker of the poem compares his absence to the coldness of winter.
- "Like widowed wombs"-- Shakespeare makes a comparison of the harvest of crops to women giving birth after the husband has died.
Extended Metaphor: Shakepeare takes the original simile in the first line and extends it into a larger metaphor for his feelings concerning his absence from his loved one.
Imagery: Imagery appeals to the reader's five senses, like in line twelve, "the very birds are mute;" Shakespeare uses the silence of the birds to evoke a gloomy, mournful setting and mood.
Alliteration: Alliteration occurs when the writer uses the repetition of two or more words beginning with the same sound, like "Dark days."