What poetic techniques are in Shakespeare's Sonnet 97?

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In the opening line of the poem, Shakespeare uses pathetic fallacy when he compares his absence from his lover to "a winter." Pathetic fallacy is when the weather or a season reflects the mood of the character. Winter connotes decay, stillness, coldness, and death, and thus the speaker is implying that his absence from his lover was to him a kind of cold, still death. Later in the poem, Shakespeare says that "summer and his pleasures wait" upon his lover. The season of summer connotes vitality and warmth, and so the speaker is using pathetic fallacy here to suggest that his lover exudes these qualities.

Also in the poem, in lines two, three and four, Shakespeare repeatedly uses exclamatory sentences . For example, the speaker, describing his absence from his lover, exclaims, "what dark days seen!" Exclamatory sentences like this one, especially when repeated one after the other, emphasize that the speaker's tone is desperate or perhaps even incredulous. He is desperate when he reflects upon...

(The entire section contains 4 answers and 826 words.)

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Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on January 16, 2020