Poetic elements used in the poem "The Tyger" by English writer William Blake include:
In each stanza of this poem, the first two lines rhyme and the last two lines rhyme. The rhyme scheme in each stanza is AABB. Blake employs rhyme to give a musical quality to the poem. Rhyme also enables a reader to memorize a poem more easily.
The main theme of this poem is the magnificent creation that a tiger (tyger) is. William Blake wonders about the fact that the God who created the Lamb (Jesus Christ) was also the Creator of this formidable beast of the jungle. Blake sees great creative powers in this majestic animal.
To give the poem more power and to emphasize the strength of the tiger, Blake repeats the words “what” and “dread.”
What dread hand? & what dread feet?
What the hammer? what the chain,
In what furnace was thy brain?
What the anvil? what dread grasp,
Blake employs a formal writing style in "The Tyger." The poem has a solid structure as opposed to a more freewheeling "free verse" poem. The poem consists of six stanzas of four lines each. The above-mentioned rhyme scheme is part of every stanza. Each line of the poem has four beats to it as well, which gives this poem a regular, consistent rhythm, which is also a poetic element.