"Richard Cory" by Edwin Arlington Robinson is a narrative poem. It uses a first-person plural narrator that represents the voice of the people in the town. This sort of narrator is similar to the chorus of Greek tragedy, representing a sort of normative viewpoint.
The poem is written in stanza form. It consists of four open quatrains and uses end rhymes following the pattern ABAB. The rhymes are full rhymes on stressed syllables, rather than feminine or slant rhymes.
The primary meter of the poem is iambic pentameter. This means that each line consists of five iambic feet. An iamb is a pattern of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable. There are several metrical variations in the poem, including spondaic and anapestic substitutions.
The poem also uses figures of speech. One such figure is metaphor, which means an implicit comparison not using explicit comparative terms such as "like" or "as." Another figure of speech used in the poem is hyperbole or exaggeration. An example of this...
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