CHARLES DICKENS' A CHRISTMAS CAROL
SUMMARY. Ebenezer Scrooge, the meanest and cheapest man in town, is visited by a trio of spirits on Christmas Eve: The Ghosts of Christmas Past, Present and Future. They take him on an unearthly trip to observe how his actions have affected himself and others. At the end of the last visit, by the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come, Scrooge sees how his own death will turn out--if he does not mend his ways. Uncertain that the spirit will allow such a change, Scrooge awakes to find it is Christmas morning and that he and his home are unchanged. He keeps his promise to celebrate the Christmas spirit 365 days a year, and he soon becomes a man who
... knew how to keep Christmas well, if any man alive possessed the knowledge.
PROTAGONIST. Ebenezer Scrooge
SETTING. London, England, probably in the mid-1800s. Much of the action takes place in Scrooge's office, home and the surrounding streets and homes.
EXPOSITION. We find that Scrooge has taken over complete control of the business once shared by his late partner, Marley. Marley, like Scrooge, was also a parsimonious man who cared little about the people around him, and the two men were only concerned about the money they could make. Scrooge had once been engaged, but he lost his fiance because he loved money more than her.
RISING ACTION. The visits by the three ghosts and the journeys Scrooge takes with them.
CLIMAX. Scrooge awakes on Christmas morning to find that his world is unchanged, and that he can still make the changes in his life that he had promised the night before.
DENOUEMENT. Scrooge lives up to his promises. He buys a prize turkery for Bob Cratchit's family, donates money, attends church, and visits his nephew's house on Christmas evening. The next day, he gives Bob a raise and promises to take care of his family. Scrooge lived a long life and became known as a man who knew how to keep the Christmas spirit year round.