When we think of a plot diagram to describe the plot of a story, we normally identify five principal stages: the exposition, the rising action, the climax, the falling action and the resolution. In this great seasonal classic, the exposition concerns our introduction to Ebeneezer Scrooge and the main conflict of the story, which is of course his miserly nature and the way that he hates Christmas, in spite of the best efforts of those around him, such as his nephew, to get into the Christmas mood. He is shown to be selfish and greedy, not wanting to give money to charity because he does not want to overpopulate the city.
The rising action then begins when Marley's ghost comes and shows Scrooge the reality of the after-life he can expect. Each ghost that arrives represents an increase in the suspense and tension, with the climax finally coming when the Ghost of Christmas Future arrives and Scrooge realises that he is showing him his own death and how it will be interpreted.
Having had this terrible wake-up call, the falling action begins on Christmas day when Scrooge wakes up and determines to do something to change his life and his attitudes, leading to the final resolution when he decides to give money to help the poor, becomes almost a godfather to Tiny Tim and helps the Cratchit family, therefore preventing the death of Tiny Tim. All is resolved and restored to goodwill and harmony, and on that note, let us end with Tiny Tim's famous words, "Merry Christmas, one and all!"