What plants and animals lived during the Ice Age?
The last ice age occurred between 70,000 years ago to 10,000 years ago. Many animals that existed then are extinct now, or no longer live in that part of the world. Animals like wooly mammoths, mastodons are relatives of modern elephants, but these varieties are extinct. Various Lagomorphs like snowshoe hares were adapted to this environment. Giant sloths, horses and tapirs are all extinct in North America. Saber-toothed cats, various rodents, voles, shrews, musk ox, bison, wolves were all present. Many types of insects were found. We have much information about animals during the last ice age due to fossil evidence, frozen specimens found in the Arctic and the La Brea tar pits preserving thousands of remains and even cave drawings. Plant found in the La Brea tar pits include oak, walnut, pine, poison oak, juniper. There were also redwood and other trees including sycamore . Bushes like raspberry, juniper, sagebrush, have all been found as well.
Ice Age refers to several different periods in the earth's history when ice sheets cover large regions of land. Each of these Ice ages lasted a few million years. The most recent Ice Age began about 2 million years ago and ended about 10,000 years ago. The term Ice Age usually refers to this Ice Age.
Ancestors of horse, camel, and elephant we have today, first appeared in the Ice Age. Other animals of ice age included ground sloths, sabre-toothed tigers, and woolly rhinoceroses. The horse and camel originated in North America Later they spread to Asia. Similarly elephants, bison, deer, and bears that evolved in Europe and Asia spread to North America. Llamas, giant ground sloths, and armadillos went to South America.
Many of the ice age mammals to died out because of climatic changes. Human beings also played a part in killing some of these animals killed them off.
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