Santiago, the boy in The Alchemist, didn't travel around the world, but he did pass through most of Spain and the northern tip of Africa (below the Mediterranean Sea). There is an interesting map of the area in the Reader's Guide at the back of the 1998 version from Harper/Collins Publishers. Santiago starts in Tarifa, Spain, then he crosses over to Tanger, Morrocco. The Oasis that he gets to after traveling with the caravan is in Faiyum, Egypt; and the pyramids are near Cairo, about 60 miles away. In the end, his treasure is actually back in Spain, so he travels back the way he had gone before. After finding the treasure, then his goal is to go back to Faiyum to get Fatima, the woman he loves. It takes Santiago about 2.5 years to accomplish this task, so it certainly seems like he travels all over the world. The journey, no matter how long it takes, is certainly the main teacher here, and not getting to the destination.