There are both many physical and mental effects that drugs have on the human body. Side effects of drugs, both mental and physical, will vary from person to person. Some of these factors are type of drug being used, age, gender, ethnicity, weight, and general overall health of the individual. Some common side effects are lack of attention and concentration, decrease in interest, decrease in nervous system response, heart problems, nervousness, anxiety, etc. The list goes on and on.
Punishment involving possession and/or use of drugs also depends on the type of drug and if the person has any other previous arrests. Punishments may include fines, community service, forced rehabilitation time, and jail time.
I believe that awareness and education is the best deterrent. It is important to known how dangerous drugs can be and it also important to know that there are lots of places to get help or talk to someone about them.
Below is a list of some of the physical impacts of drugs on the body.
- water red eyes
- unexplained weight loss or gain
- poor physical coordination
- blank stare
- puffy face
- extreme hyperactivity
- tooth loss
- heart failure, heart disease, heart attack
- kidney failure
- premature liver disease, liver failure
Below is a list of some of the mental impacts of drugs on the body.
- memory loss
Punishment for drug abuse may entail prison time, public service, and being sent to a rehabilitation facility. The best way to avoid drugs is to never begin using them. To prevent the spread of drug use, I believe education is best for prevention. Educating children, at a young age, in the dangers of drugs will help keep them from trying them.
The questions that have been posed within this one question could constitute a book... on each of them. In all honesty, the process can begin here, but there is much to be analyzed in each particular question and I think you would be best set to take each one at a time. It's too overwhelming, in my opinion, to take all of them on at once. In this forum, responses can guide you, but in the end, you will have to make critical choices on how to address each question. In terms of the physical and mental effects of drugs, a simple web search will be able to generate some sites that can help you with determining the best answers for you. You will have to make some specification in terms of physical impacts, as different drugs impact the body in different ways. I would think that the standard "physical dependence" and "psychological dependence" arguments can apply to all drugs. If you have a classroom text or some type of instructor based analysis, this will also help. In terms of criminal activity associated with drug and drug use, you will have to narrow this focus down a bit because it's way too broad. To be able to specifically discuss criminal activity on drugs and punishment for drug activity is going to be monumental to adequately summarize. I might select an analysis of what some legal punishments concerning drugs are and run a sample in this manner. Additionally, different nations contain different punishments for different drug offenses, so some narrowing down of this also will be needed. Finally, the same analysis will have to be applied to treatment options as there are different approaches to the treatment of drug abuse and summarizing them all will be challenging enough. Selecting some methods of how drug abuse is treated might be a good start, as opposed to the vast and totalizing "avoidance" of drugs. Additionally, it might make for more interesting writing to simply talk about treatment because it will get pretty boring pretty quickly if you engaged in the whole, "Don't do drugs," angle because the best way to avoid drugs is to simply not engage in them. If you wanted to broaden this by suggesting alternatives for adolescents to help avoid drugs, you would be discussing participation in activities not centered on drug use, making appropriate social decisions, and other elements along these lines.