What are the Philippines, and what were battle locations in the Allied war against Japan?

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The Philippines are a large archipelago of islands not far from the Asian mainland.  They were an American territory from 1898 until they were conquered by the Japanese in early 1942.

There were a number of famous episodes in World War II that are connected to the Philippines.  They include:

  • The Bataan Death March and the Surrender of Corregidor.  These happened early in the war as the US and Filipino Armies tried to hold off the Japanese invasion.
  • The Battle of Leyte Gulf.  This was in 1944.  This was the famous battle after which Gen. Douglass MacArthur was able to say "People of the Philippines, I have returned."
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