The Philippines are a large archipelago of islands not far from the Asian mainland. They were an American territory from 1898 until they were conquered by the Japanese in early 1942.
There were a number of famous episodes in World War II that are connected to the Philippines. They include:
- The Bataan Death March and the Surrender of Corregidor. These happened early in the war as the US and Filipino Armies tried to hold off the Japanese invasion.
- The Battle of Leyte Gulf. This was in 1944. This was the famous battle after which Gen. Douglass MacArthur was able to say "People of the Philippines, I have returned."