What are some examples of personification and Maya Angelou's ideas of the past and future in "On the Pulse of Morning"?

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In this poem, Maya Angelou uses the images of rock, river, and tree to describe the United States. She talks about the troubled past of this land, on which mastodons and dinosaurs have left their bones ("dried tokens") and where, more recently, humans have left troubling remains. Though Angelou says we are just a little lower than angels, we have lived in "ignorance" and left "debris." The country was settled by people "desperate for gain" who drove the Native Americans off the land and enslaved others. The history of this country has been full of "wrenching pain." 

Although the past has been troubled and imperfect, a "nightmare" for some,...

(The entire section contains 346 words.)

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