in what period of Shakespeare's career, did he write othello, Macbeth, king lear, and hamlet?

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The chronological order of Shakespeare’s play production is quite well documented, if not the exact production dates, thanks to the quartos that were published some time after each production, and due to the 1616 Folio.  Although there is considerable scholarly debate on details, his career is usually divided into an early phase (the lesser-known histories especially, such as Henry VI) when he was “the young Shake-scene” starting to be noticed by his competitors (Marlowe, Jonson, Kyd, etc.), a middle period (roughly 1592-1600) when his romantic comedies (Love’s Labour’s Lost, Romeo and Juliet, etc.) were commercially successful, and then the period you mention, right on and after the turn of the 16th-17th century (1600),when one great tragedy after another seemed to spring from his imagination (1600-1610):  Hamlet (1600), Othello, Lear, Macbeth, (around 1605-06), The last plays – The Tempest, A Winter’s Tale, etc. a sort of coda to his life of accomplishment – are considered the most autobiographic or personal. 

 From http://www.shakespeare-online.com/keydates/playchron.html, here is one widely accepted approximation:

Performed 

Plays

First Printed

1590-91

Henry VI, Part II

1594?

1590-91

Henry VI, Part III

1594?

1591-92

Henry VI, Part I

1623

1592-93

Richard III

1597

1592-93

Comedy of Errors

1623

1593-94

Titus Andronicus

1594

1593-94

Taming of the Shrew

1623

1594-95

Two Gentlemen of Verona

1623

1594-95

Love's Labour's Lost

1598?

1594-95

Romeo and Juliet

1597

1595-96

Richard II

1597

1595-96

A Midsummer Night's Dream

1600

1596-97

King John

1623

1596-97

The Merchant of Venice

1600

1597-98

Henry IV, Part I

1598

1597-98

Henry IV, Part II

1600

1598-99

Much Ado About Nothing

1600

1598-99

Henry V

1600

1599-1600

Julius Caesar

1623

1599-1600

As You Like It

1623

1599-1600

Twelfth Night

1623

1600-01

Hamlet

1603

1600-01

The Merry Wives of Windsor

1602

1601-02

Troilus and Cressida

1609

1602-03

All's Well That Ends Well

1623

1604-05

Measure for Measure

1623

1604-05

Othello

1622

1605-06

King Lear

1608

1605-06

Macbeth

1623

1606-07

Antony and Cleopatra

1623

1607-08

Coriolanus

1623

1607-08

Timon of Athens

1623

1608-09

Pericles

1609

1609-10

Cymbeline

1623

1610-11

The Winter's Tale

1623

1611-12

The Tempest

1623

1612-13

Henry VIII

1623

1612-13

The Two Noble Kinsmen*

1634

 

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