What are the percieved power differences between counselor and client within the counselling relationship?

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Karyth Cara eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Some of the perceived power differences between counselor and client with a counseling relationship stem from race, gender, education, ethnicity. The power differences may be perceived and not factual or they may be factual whether perceived or not; this is sometimes noted as the difference between felt and real differences and needs. The power differences may complement or undermine the counseling relationship.