What parts of The Aeneid are like epic poetry like Homer's Odyssey, what have comedy like Aristophanes, and what aspects are like the Tragedies?

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Virgil's The Aeneid is in many ways a response to Homer's Greek epic, not only in how Aeneas is a Trojan, among the losers in Homer's work, but in its format. Virgil studied both of Homer's epics before creating his Roman answer to them. Several episodes in The Aeneid recall episodes in The Odyssey. For example, both epics feature journeys to the underworld and both encounter the Cyclops.

While The Aeneid is not packed with comedy, it does share some similarities with Aristophanes' The Frogs. In Aristophanes's play, the characters visit the underworld to reclaim the soul of the playwright Euridipes so he can revitalize the tragic theater scene, which the god Dionysus believes has waned since the playwright's passing. While the descent to the underworld in The Frogs is comedic, in The Aeneid it is treated seriously.

Finally, while The Aeneid as a whole is not tragic since it ends with Aeneas fulfilling his destiny by founding Rome, other characters emerge as tragic figures in the classical sense. Queen Dido of Carthage is the best example. She fits the classical mold of the tragic hero: she is of noble rank, a competent ruler of her people, and an essentially good woman. She is brought low by a fatal flaw: passion. Her love for Aeneas destroys her when he leaves her. Unable to move on, she kills herself.

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