what are the participle adjectives (-ed) followed by other prepositions except 'by'? Please explain the rules with examples,sometimes I become very much confused in some cases.
I'm a little confused by your wording, but I will do my best to answer you. As I understand it, you are looking for examples of past participles that can be followed by a preposition other than "by." Here are a few examples where the participle adjective and the preposition are in bold:
- I was interested in opera before my sister was.
- She was excited about the band's new album.
- He's annoyed with his mom because she made him wear a fish on his head.
- She was frightened after the scary movie ended.
- They were bored with their old toys.
- I was puzzled about that last question.
- She was depressed during the funeral.
Participle adjectives ending in -ed are used to describe how a person feels, while present participles ending in -ing are used to describe what causes those feelings. If you want to try to think of other examples of -ed participle adjectives, try writing down a list of as many ways you can feel about something, then think of how you can use those words in a sentence. Odds are, you will be able to find more examples than the ones I put here.
Here are some sources you might find helpful for both your specific question and general understanding of participle adjectives:
I hope this helps!