what is the pair of words that best completes the analogy 1. Poised : Composure a. fearful : threat   b. disdain : inferior  c. alert : vigilance   d. sad : emotion 2.  Sequence : Order...

what is the pair of words that best completes the analogy

1. Poised : Composure

a. fearful : threat   b. disdain : inferior  c. alert : vigilance   d. sad : emotion

2.  Sequence : Order

a.result : outcome  b. cause : effect c. standard : application  d. sum: enumeration

3.  Ruler : Dominion

a. planner : chaos  b. policeman : law  c. coach : team  d. member : club

Asked on by frank42--

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ishpiro | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator

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2. Sequence: order   Answer: a. result: outcome

As mentioned above, the "bridge", or relationship between these two words is "A sequence is a type of order". The best fit for this relationship from the given answer choices is "A result is a type of outcome". The "sum: enumeration" pair does not fit quite as well because a sum is not really a type of enumeration. "Enumeration" is listing all elements in order, "sum" is also adding them.

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mwestwood | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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Thank you for the correction.

I chose d. only because the other 2 did not fit the analogy.

For, I would have to argue that result and outcome are synonyms. (The dictionary defines result as an outcome, not a type of outcome)

It rather seems that none of the choices really fit. Maybe our student will advise us.

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mwestwood | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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The types of analogies shown above set up an initial relationship between two things that is comparable to only two other things on the basis of the first relationship. With regard to the three proposed here, the student must first figure out what the relationship is between the pair that is given, so that he/she can find a pair that has that same kind of relationship.

Analogies are used to explain and clarify one or both of the pairs of things; they are effective tools in writing and speaking. Often presenters of new programs in businesses or education or other fields will use analogies to enable understanding because the audience can relate knowledge that they already have to the new situation. (Parents can also use analogies effectively

_______________________________________________________________1. poised : composure :: c. alert : vigilance  

 
Relationships = adjective/noun and quality/condition
(A person who is poised possesses composure; a person who is alert uses vigilance 

2. sequence : order :: d. sum: enumeration


Relationship = smaller type/ the bigger concept
(sequence is a type of order; a sum is a type of enumeration, which means a listing of all the elements of a set.)

3. ruler: dominion :: c. coach: team

Relationship = person/that which he or she dominates and rules

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