Theme and Structure
The theme of Shakespeare's Sonnet 29 involves how man's life may differ depending on whether his life is full of material wealth vs. spiritual wealth, or spiritual wealth vs. material wealth.
Shakespeare's sonnets consist of 3 quatrains (4 lines each) -12 lines total, followed by 1 couplet (2 lines) - 14 lines total.
If you look at most of his Sonnets, youll notice that Shakespeare usually starts out with a problem in the first quatrain, and throughout the 2nd and 3rd quatrain, he builds on that problem, until an almost climatic point. Then, in the couplet, he provides the answer, or solution to the problem.
Breaking it down:
“When, in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes,
I all alone beweep my outcast state,
And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries,
And look upon myself, and curse my fate,”
Line 1: fortune = wealth, disgrace = negative view/judgement
(The entire section contains 2 answers and 983 words.)