In 1932, the presidential election was held in accordance with the Weimar Constitution, the law that created the first parliamentary democracy in Germany. After two rounds of election, Hitler lost the campaign to Hindenburg, the incumbent German president.
Nevertheless, the Nazi party gained much public support through the campaign and became the largest party in the parliament. With the Nazi party’s political influence, Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany in January 1933. In February 1933, the Reichstag (German Parliament) building was set on fire and the communists were held responsible for it. Hitler took advantage of this opportunity to suppress the German Communist Party. In March 1933, Hitler’s proposal of the Enabling Act was passed in a parliamentary vote. The Enabling Act allowed Hitler’s cabinet to enact laws without consent of the Reichstag, and the laws could deviate from the constitution.
Having achieved full control over the parliament, Hitler launched activities to suppress the remaining opposition. The Social Democratic Party and the National People’s Party were both dismissed. In July 1933, the Nazi Party was declared the only political party in Germany. In August 1934, the elderly Hindenburg passed away, and Hitler thus became top leader of Germany.