What other literary devices does Burns use in his poem "A Red, Red Rose"?

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dneshan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The first stanza makes use of the simile in which he compares his "luve" to a red rose.  The simile is evident in the first two lines: "O my Luve's like a red, red rose,/That's newly sprung in June;"  He uses a second simile in that same stanza (the first stanza) to compare his love to a sweet sounding melody when he says: "O my Luve's like the melodie,/That's sweetly play'd in tune."

In the second stanza, Burns makes use of assonance -- the repetition of the vowel sound in the beginning or ending of words.  This is evident in the first line of this stanza: "As fair art thou, my bonie lass."  The "a" sound in "fair" and "lass" are repetitious. He also uses repetition in the last line of the second stanza and the first line of the third stanza:  "Till a' the seas gang dry./Till a' the seas gang dry, my dear."  The third stanza also makes use of personification in the last line which states: "While the sands o' life shall run."

 The final stanza uses repetition in the first three lines which all begin with the same word -- "And". He also makes use of alliteration in the final line with the repetition of the "t" sound:  "Tho' 'twere ten thousand mile."