What are the origins and consequences of the Atlantic Revolutions of the 18th and 19th centuries?
The Atlantic Revolutions were a series of revolutionary movements taking place across the Atlantic, including in the US, France, Scotland and Ireland, among others.
The revolution originated with the idea of overthrowing monarchy and establishing an independent republic. Another reason for the revolutions was the resistance by the poor and oppressed. A combination of these two led to military resistance against the monarchy and establishment and the formation of truly democratic governments (at least in the case of the US). The Atlantic Revolutions started with the American Revolution (1775-1783) with assistance from France. The overthrowing of monarchy was very radical in European nations compared to America.
The shared theme of these revolutions led to certain common consequences, including the written Constitution, the abolition of feudalism and monarchy, a concern for human rights and liberty, the use of the term "patriot," and rise of republics.