What is one way the House of Representatives and the Senate are different?  

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are several ways the House of Representatives and the Senate are different from each other. One way is in the form of representation. In the Senate, each state, regardless of its size, has two senators. In the House of Representatives, the population of the state determines the number of representatives. Larger states have more representatives than smaller states.

There are other operational differences between the Senate and the House of Representatives. Any bill that deals with money must start in the House of Representatives. The House of Representatives determines if there is enough evidence to impeach the President. The Senate conducts the impeachment trial. The Senate must approve any peace treaty made by the President. The Senate also must confirm judges and ambassadors appointed by the President.

There are a few other differences between each part of the legislative branch. The members of the House of Representatives are elected for two-year terms. This means the whole House of Representatives, all 435 seats, are up for election every two years. The members of the Senate are elected for six-year terms. This means one-third of Senate, either 33 or 34 seats, is up for election every two years. To be elected to the House of Representatives, a person must be at least 25 years old. To be elected to the Senate, a person must be at least 30 years old.

There are many differences between the Senate and the House of Representatives.

elliotap | Student

An important difference between the two houses of Congress of the United States, the House of Representatives and the Senate, is that each house has its own unique set of qualifications for eligibility for election. The Constitution of the United States of America says that to be elected to the House of Representatives, an individual must be at least 25 years old, must have been a citizen of the United States for at least seven years, and must live in the state they represent. To be elected to the Senate, an individual must be at least 30 years old, must have been a citizen of the United States for at least nine years, and must live in the state they represent. The logic behind this difference in eligibility requirements is related to the purposes of each house: while the House of Representatives is intended to represent the interests of each state proportional to their population, the Senate is intended to represent the interests of each state as equals in a union. The terms of Senators are longer than those of Representatives, because Senators are supposed to govern with a wisdom of experience. The authors of the Constitution felt that to hold the office of Senator, one ought to be at a minimum, slightly older and have lived in the USA slightly longer than a most junior Representative, because an older person would have more experience.

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