There are several ways the House of Representatives and the Senate are different from each other. One way is in the form of representation. In the Senate, each state, regardless of its size, has two senators. In the House of Representatives, the population of the state determines the number of representatives. Larger states have more representatives than smaller states.
There are other operational differences between the Senate and the House of Representatives. Any bill that deals with money must start in the House of Representatives. The House of Representatives determines if there is enough evidence to impeach the President. The Senate conducts the impeachment trial. The Senate must approve any peace treaty made by the President. The Senate also must confirm judges and ambassadors appointed by the President.
There are a few other differences between each part of the legislative branch. The members of the House of Representatives are elected for two-year terms. This means the whole House of Representatives, all 435 seats, are up for election every two years. The members of the Senate are elected for six-year terms. This means one-third of Senate, either 33 or 34 seats, is up for election every two years. To be elected to the House of Representatives, a person must be at least 25 years old. To be elected to the Senate, a person must be at least 30 years old.
There are many differences between the Senate and the House of Representatives.