This book has many conflicts. The first and most obvious conflict is the war. The war separates families, and causes death everywhere. A second conflict in the book is between Jo and Amy. The conflict centers around their mutual adoration of Ashley and the jealousy that creates. There are also gender conflicts in the novel. The girls dress up as men to perform their plays, and Jo cuts off her hair to sell. These activities are acts of rebellion against a pro ladylike society.
Another conflict is the conflict between self and desire. Jo desperately wants to be respected for her work as an author and wants to live her life the way she feels is fair. She is caught up in the expectations of society and what she knows her family expects of her. She does not want to disappoint those that she loves, but does not want to sacrifice her beliefs. She solves this struggle by setting out on her own, and eventually meets Mr. Bhaer who loves her for who she is and supports her the way she needs in order to be who she truly is.