What is one example of direct characterization and one example of indirect characterization in "The Yellow Wallpaper"?

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Keven Hettinger eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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For the sake of comparison between direct characterization and indirect characterization, my examples both describe the narrator, an unnamed woman whose husband John orders her to bedrest.

Direct characterization happens when the author explicitly notes traits that describe the character. It's generally used to reveal a character's motivation or emotional state. One in-text example of direct characterization is the line, “I am glad my case is not serious! But these nervous troubles are dreadfully depressing."

Here, the narrator states that she is suffering from depression and anxiety and, though she's happy that she appears to have a mild case, it still worries her. Her mood is directly stated and her motivation is clear: to recover.

Indirect characterization occurs when the author implies something about a character's motivation or emotional state using dialogue, description, actions, or relationships. One in-text example of indirect characterization is, "There are things in that paper...

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