How Many Atoms Are In Nacl

How many atoms are in NaCl?

Asked on by enotes

2 Answers | Add Yours

gsenviro's profile pic

gsenviro | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

Posted on

Sodium Chloride or NaCl is made up of two elements, sodium (or Na) and chlorine (or Cl). A molecule of sodium chloride, NaCl, consists of one atom each of sodium and chlorine. Hence, each molecule of NaCl has 2 atoms total. 

Similarly, we can calculate the total number of atoms in 1 mole of sodium chloride. Since 1 molecule contains 1 atom each of Na and Cl, 1 mole of NaCl will contain 1 mole each of Na and Cl. We know that 1 mole of anything contains an Avogadro's number of atoms or 6.023 x 10^23 atoms.

Thus, 1 mole of NaCl will contain 6.023 x 10^23 atoms each of Na and Cl, or a total of 12.046 x 10^23 atoms. 

NaCl is an ionic compound formed by the loss of one electron from Na and the gain of the one electron by Cl. It is also known as common salt.

Hope this helps.

Educator Approved

Educator Approved
mnshort21's profile pic

mnshort21 | High School Teacher | eNotes Newbie

Posted on

When looking at a compound represented by symbols, it is easy to count how many atoms is involved. The symbol Na stands for sodium. Na is not followed by a number and a number does not come before the symbol, so there is only 1 atom of sodium(Na). The same goes for Cl. There is 1 atom of chlorine. 1 sodium atom plus 1 chlorine atom equals 2 total atoms to make up NaCl (sodium chloride). 

We’ve answered 318,991 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question