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dano7744 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

A nosocomial infection is any infection you acquired while in a health care facility whether it was a hospital, doctors office, clinic, nursing home, etc. It has been estimated that up to 15% of all hospitalized patients contract a nosocomial infection. Anyone with for example a burn, surgical wound, or compromised immune system is susceptible to these types of infections.

NI's are transmitted by direct contact between staff members and patients and between patients and visitors. Additionally, these infections can be transmitted by medical devices like catheters, syringes, etc.

Proper aseptic technique is needed to prevent the transmission of nosocomial infections. Hand washing by staff members plays a key role in stopping the spread of these infections.


besure77 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

A nosocomial infection is an infection that a patient acquires while they are hospitalized. In other words, they did not have that infection when they entered the hospital. The infection usually presents itself 48-72 hours after admission to the hospital. Sometimes it appears after the patient has been discharged. There are many different ways that bacteria can be spread from patient to patient in a hospital setting. The first foremost precaution a healthcare worker can take to prevent spreading infectious bacteria from patient to patient is to practice effective hand washing procedures. It is always very important to wash hands before and after seeing each patient.

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