Roman Catholicism

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What are new subjects or teachings in the Council of Vatican II compared to the last councils?

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Vatican II resulted in several major changes to the Roman Catholic Church in practice, even though it still remained true to the core teachings of previous church councils. The most dramatic change visible to the ordinary church goer was liturgical, as Vatican II permitted mass to be performed in the vernacular and also encouraged reading of Scripture in the vernacular by the laity. It also  allowed for more flexibility in the study of church history and the Bible, using established techniques of academic philology, as opposed to the rigid adherence to neo-Thomism promulgated in Vatican I and the subsequent modernism controversies.  Another doctrinal shift was a statement that the Jews were blameless in the death of Christ.

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