What is neoliberalism with regard to the study of International Relations?

Expert Answers
jameadows eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Unlike realism, which promotes the idea that nations are motivated by their own interests, the field of neoliberalism in international relations stresses the idea that states can work together to foster international cooperation. The field focuses on how international institutions can create better cooperation among states. Neoliberalism uses game theory to create scenarios that create mutual wins for multiple states.

Neoliberalism is a response to the development of neorealism, which posits that states exist in a state of anarchy and must promote their own self-interest. Neoliberalism agrees that a state of anarchy can exist among states and that each state must pursue its own rational self-interests. In addition, the two theories are in agreement that cooperation can be difficult in an international environment that is plagued with fear. However, unlike neorealism, the field of neoliberalism promotes the idea that states can pursue their own self-interests while also pursuing international cooperation through the creation of international norms and institutions.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In International Relations, neoliberalism is a theory that holds that states should try to achieve absolute gains rather than trying to achieve gains relative to other countries.

Neoliberalism is a response to neorealism.  Neorealism emphasizes the idea that states have no reason to cooperate with one another.  They exist in an anarchic world where states must all compete with one another.  In such a world, the incentives tend to push countries to compete with one another.

Neoliberalism, by contrast, holds that interactions between countries can be win-win situations.  They believe in the idea that the world can be set up in such a way that cooperation will be rewarded and countries can stop emphasizing competition.

Put in terms of the prisoner's dilemma, neorealism focuses on the idea that states have an incentive to defect.  By contrast, neoliberalism focuses on the idea that cooperating brings benefits to both sides and that the world can be set up with institutions and such that make it easier for states to cooperate with one another.

ayazlateef | Student

can you  explian me  shortly 
what is the main point of neoreallism and reallsim  explian  me  short in words

ayazlateef | Student

we are  said neoreallism  is new idea or new thing"

sakura12908 | Student

Since the 1990's activists use the word 'neoliberalism' for global market-liberalism ('capitalism') and for free-trade policies. In this sense, it is widely used in South America. 'Neoliberalism' is often used interchangeably with 'globalisation'. But free markets and global free trade are not new, and this use of the word ignores developments in the advanced economies. The analysis here compares neoliberalism with its historical predecessors. Neoliberalism is not just economics: it is a social and moral philosophy, in some aspects qualitatively different from liberalism. Last changes 02 December 2005.