Neo-Victorianism is a movement that combines aspects of Victorian and Edwardian culture with modern technology. It often draws connections between cultural practices that are prevalent today but originated in the Victorian age, such as industrialization, market capitalism, sensation jounralism, and Gothic fashion. Neo-Victorianism may encompass art, music, architecture, furniture, clothing, speech patterns, behavioral norms, and morality as well as literature.
A popular genre of Neo-Victorian literature is steampunk, a subgenre of speculative literature that combines the steam-powered technology of the 19th century with an alternative historical, fantasy, or apocalyptic setting. One example of steampunk is Philip Pullman's His Dark Materials series.