What are the negative and positive effects of peace? 

What are the negative and positive effects of peace?


Expert Answers
rrteacher eNotes educator| Certified Educator

It is difficult to claim that there is a negative effect of peace. Though war is often very profitable for some, it inherently involves death and destruction, and often breeds even further discord in future years. There may be, however, some cases where peace might be seen as a negative. It could be argued, for example, that the nations of Europe (and the United States) should have chosen a more firm tack in dealing with the aggressions of Nazi Germany in the late 1930s. Their commitment to maintaining peace, many think, caused them to pursue a path of appeasement that led to a war that was much bigger and more destructive than it would have otherwise been. So it could be argued that the pursuit of peace at all costs is not necessarily always the wisest decision. It has also been observed that wars have brought about significant changes that might not have otherwise occurred peacefully—the end of slavery in the US, for example. But given the destruction, death, and cruelties that accompany wars, especially the modern wars of the twentieth century, peace seems not only the moral, but the sensible and rational choice for mankind. To name the positive effects of peace is merely to point out the absence of death and destruction that war brings.

litteacher8 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

If you are referring to peace as the absence of war, there are not many negative aspects.  The one positive effect of war, which is a negative effect of peace, is that war tends to spur the economy.  War is very good for business.  War creates jobs, because you need to manufacture weapons and employ people to do the actual fighting.  On the other hand, that is hardly worth the lives that are lost in fighting the wars.  After the war is over, the loss of life hurts the economy in the long run.

The positive effect of peace is that people can focus on creative endeavors.  The economy can thrive in peacetime too.  The greatest benefit of peace is that people are not afraid for their lives and people are not losing their lives fighting one another.  This benefits the economy because they are then contributing citizens.

Wars are usually fought defending ideology or territory or in pursuit of enhancing a country’s territory.  Whatever the country seeks to gain, in the long run it is not worth it.  Mankind would be much better off if there were less fighting.